What to Expect: Significant Social Security Changes for 2023

Alberta Waelchi Sr.
Published Oct 24, 2023


Social Security is a critical program that provides financial stability and support to millions of Americans. As we enter 2023, several significant changes have been implemented to the Social Security system, affecting both current and future beneficiaries. In this article, we dive into the key adjustments and their implications, helping you stay informed and prepared for what lies ahead.

 

Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA)

One of the most important changes for Social Security recipients is the annual Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA). The COLA is designed to keep pace with inflation and ensure beneficiaries' benefits retain their purchasing power. For 2023, the COLA has been increased by 3.2%, the highest since 2008. This adjustment will provide a boost to retirees, disabled individuals, and their families, helping them meet the rising costs of essential goods and services.

Adjusted Full Retirement Age (FRA)

The Full Retirement Age (FRA) is the age at which individuals can receive their full Social Security benefits. Starting in 2023, the FRA has been adjusted for those born between 1958 and 1960. Instead of the previous FRA of 66, individuals born within this period will face a gradual increase, with the FRA reaching 67. This change reflects increased life expectancies and aims to ensure the long-term sustainability of the Social Security program.

Increased Earnings Limits

In 2023, workers will need to earn $1,640 to obtain each Social Security credit, with a maximum of 4 credits per year since 1978. To qualify for Social Security benefits during retirement, a minimum of 40 credits is necessary, which translates to at least 10 years of work for the average worker. To earn the maximum of 4 credits in 2023, workers will need to generate a minimum income of $6,560.

Adjusted Benefit Calculation

Another change to the Social Security system in 2023 relates to how benefits are calculated. The formula used to determine benefits has been modified to more accurately reflect the current economic landscape. Instead of averaging the highest 35 years of earnings, the new calculation will include the highest 38 years. This adjustment aims to provide a fairer representation of an individual's work history, accounting for inflation and potential income fluctuations over a longer period.

Expanded Access to Medicare Premium Subsidies

Low-income Medicare beneficiaries will see expanded access to premium subsidies in 2023. The income thresholds for the Medicare Savings Programs have been increased, allowing more individuals to qualify for assistance with premiums, deductibles, and coinsurance costs. This change will help alleviate the financial burden of healthcare expenses for those who need it most.


Staying informed about Social Security changes is crucial for individuals planning their retirement or currently receiving benefits. The adjustments implemented in 2023, including the increased COLA, adjusted FRA, higher earnings limits, modified benefit calculation, and expanded Medicare subsidies, will have a significant impact on beneficiaries. By understanding these changes, you can make informed decisions and ensure the best possible financial security for yourself and your loved ones. Remember to consult with a financial advisor or Social Security representative to personalize your retirement strategy based on your unique circumstances.

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